Low Back Pain
According to data, it is estimated that 80% of the population will experience lower back pain in their lifetime (O’Sullivan, 2005). Whilst most episodes of low back pain usually resolve in 4 weeks, the reoccurrence rate of episodes of lower back pain are high.
Your lower back consists of bones, called vertebrae and these vertebrae are connected to each other by gelatinous material called discs. The vertebrae and discs are supported by multiple muscles and ligaments which all work together to produce movement of the spine.
Mechanism of injury:
The lower back is most vulnerable to injury with sustained postures such as prolonged sitting as well as repeated or heavy lifting actions.
These movements of the lower back can cause excessive stretching of muscles and ligaments supporting the spine as well as increased load on the discs of the spine.
People who are more prone to lower back injuries often have pre-existing weakness in their postural stabilising muscles such as their lower abdominal muscles.
Physiotherapy can help to alleviate your lower back pain. Physiotherapy treatment of your lower back pain will involve some of the following:
- Taping lower back can reduce muscle spasm and maintain more comfortable postures
- Vertebral joint mobilisation techniques and soft tissue massage to improve flexibility
- Stabilisation exercises to improve strength of postural and spinal stabilising muscles. These stabilisation exercises are often done through clinical exercise at our practice
Should you wish to see a physiotherapist to assist with your lower back pain feel free to contact us on 03 9421 1626 or alternatively book online via our website.
Emily Fegan (BSci, MPhysio) – Physiotherapist, Back in Motion Northcote
O’Sullivan P. Diagnosis and classification of chronic lower back pain disorders: maladaptive movements and motor control impairments as underlying mechanism. Manual Therapy; 2005; 242.